Famous for the shrine of the venerated Khwaja Mu’in Ud-Din-Chishti who lived between 1142 and 1236 A.D.; Ajmer is the holy destination and an important pilgrimage center of the followers of the Islam. Ajmer is magnificently nestled in the barren Aravali Hills of the Central Rajasthan and brings the true portrayal of the ancient Islamic architecture in India. It is the 5th largest city in Rajasthan and is named after its founder, Raja Ajai Pal Chauhan, who founded it in 7th Century. The city was being ruled till Prithviraj Chauhan lost the city to Muhammad Gauri and since then the culture and traditions of the city were strongly influenced by the its different rulers.
Till today, Ajmer continues to be the popular pilgrimage center both for the Hindus and the Muslims. Dargah Sharief, the tomb of the Sufi saint Khwaja Mo’in-Ud-Din Chishti, is equally revered by both the communities. The construction of the Dargah Sharif shrine was completed by Humayun and the gate was added by the Nizam of Hyderabad. The saint's tomb is in the center of the second court. The actual tomb is concealed in raised marble dome by a silver platform. Along with this, the famous Urs fair attracts thousands & lakhs of pilgrims every year .
Other monuments which stand as the reminders of Ajmer's colonial past are the Edward Memorial hall, Ajmer club and Jubilee clock tower. Ajmer is the most unique place where people of all the religions and beliefs live in peace and harmony.
Ajmer is also known for the base towards the most famous place-Pushkar, which is very near to it and is famous for the attractive Pushkar Fair.
Other Attractions of Ajmer
Initially the place was a Sanskrit College which was destroyed by Mohammad Ghauri to convert it into a mosque in just 2 and half days and hence it was being named so. This is one of the very old mosques in India built in 1193 AD and is a great example of Indo- Muslim architecture.
Once the royal residence of Emperor Akbar; the museum houses a rich repository of the Mughal and Rajput armor and exquisite sculptures.
Fairs & Festivals
Urs Fair is held during the first six days of Rajab (seventh month of the Islamic calendar) on the death anniversary of Sufi saint Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti, whose remains lie buried and are held in great reverence by the devotees of all communities in 'Dargah Sharif' in Ajmer. Khwaja had come from Persia and established Chishtia order of 'fakirs' in India.
Pushkar Fair is held in the month of Kartik that usually falls in October or November at Pushkar, which is 11 kms away from Ajmer, Rajasthan. One of the most sought-after fairs in Rajasthan, the Pushkar Fair attracts numerous tourists including the foreigners. The picturesque sand dunes as its backdrop, the camel fair and camel, horse and donkey races are the featured events of this fair. People indulge themselves in body tattooing as the villagers from distant places come here to trade their wares.
Climate Ajmer has hot summers and cool winters. The maximum temperature in summer (from April to June) is around 45ºC. In winters (from November to February), days are sunny and pleasant but nights are bit cooler.
Location: Rajasthan, India
Significance : famous for Dargah of Sufi Saint Chisti
Best Season : October to March
Language : Hindi, Urdu
Distance from Jaipur: 131 Km
Distance from New Delhi: 389 Km